Unexplained bruising on legs can develop after an injury that you had trouble keeping in mind, however it can likewise be a side effect of a more severe condition. Assessing your other symptoms will help identify the cause of this condition.
Bruising on the legs is not necessarily harmful, however if you start to see bruises on the legs when you do not recall injuring yourself, then it can be a bit alarming. Considering that contusions frequently take a few days to appear, it can be easy to forget a minor incident that might have triggered it. Nevertheless, if these unexplained contusions start to appear on the legs rather frequently then there might be a hidden disorder that might be interrupting your circulation. This is specifically worrying if your bruises take an especially very long time to recover after they appear.
Causes of Unexplained Bruising on Legs
Causes of unexplained bruising on legs are ranging from injuries to hidden diseases and lifestyle elements. Here shows the detailed information that causes excessive bruising.
Graves’ Disease. This is an autoimmune disease that damages the thyroid, triggering it to produce an extreme quantity of hormonal agents. This overstimulates the thyroid gland, triggering the body to burn calories quicker than it should, resulting in excessive weight loss. An overactive metabolic process can cause the capillaries below the skin to become harmed, causing red or bruised skin. Side effects of this condition include rapid heart beat, irritation, difficulty sleeping, light menstrual circulation or physical weak point.
Aging. The skin and tissue in the limbs ends up being thinner and less flexible as the body ages. This makes it easier to cause a tear during a small injury, causing extreme bruising on the arms or legs.
Injury. If you just recently experienced an injury on your leg such as a severe swelling you may have done damage underneath the skin. Excessive workout can likewise harm the tissue underneath the skin. As this tissue heals, you may be more vulnerable to leaking blood near the tears in the blood vessels, resulting in unexplained bruising.
Excessive Medication Use. Using medications that disrupt the circulation can increase your possibility of bruising. Ibuprofens, anti-inflammatories, aspirin or some contraception medications can lead to blood thinning which increases your risk of bleeding. This side effect must be listed on the prescription information.
Leukemia. Leukemia is a kind of cancer which grows in the bone marrow, interfering with the production of red and leukocyte. As these tissues become harmed you might start to experience excessive bleeding from wounds or unexplained bruising on the limbs. You may also discover bone pains, red blotches on the skin, extreme sweating or unexplained fever or chills.
Diabetes. Diabetes can interrupt the circulation, making it much easier for your skin to contusion. You might also notice brown or black spots appearing in areas where the skin folds or creases. Hyper-pigmentation might also appear in areas where you inject your insulin. If you have not yet been diagnosed with diabetes, expect blurred vision, extreme thirst, fatigue or trouble combating infections in addition to increased bruising on the legs.
Vitamin Deficiency. If the body lacks in the nutrients required to develop tissue effectively, the tissue can become used and more prone to injury. Shortages in vitamin B12, C or K can cause inadequately formed tissue. Women are most likely to experience these deficiencies than men, particularly when they are dieting. As the body loses the excess fat, the thin tissue becomes more exposed and simpler to injure.
Cirrhosis. Cirrhosis of the liver is caused when healthy tissue is changed with scar tissue. This scar tissue can develop due to injury or disease, and will interfere with proper protein production, digestion, immune system function and blood health. This can result in a lack of energy, unexplained weight gain or excessive bruising. Those with this condition are also more susceptible to developing liver cancer.
How to Treat Bruising on Legs
When you are going through bruising on legs, there are some ideas that might be practical for you to combat this condition. Use the maximum one for yourself.
- Seeking medical help. If you have actually been experiencing frequent unexplained bruising, talk with your doctor about the other symptoms you are experiencing. You might require medical focus on ease an underlying condition which is contributing to your injuries. Your doctor may likewise advise safety tips or changes to your diet that can help you prevent bruising on the legs or help those you have actually developed heal better.
- Applying a cold compress to the bruise can help restrict the blood vessels, decreasing the size and inflammation of the contusion. Do not apply an ice bag directly to the skin as the extreme cold can cause the skin to end up being harmed. Wrap a bag of frozen peas or an ice pack in a towel and location it on the bruised area for 20-30 minutes.
- Taking an anti-inflammatory drug can help remove swelling connected with a contusion on a leg. Restrict your drug intake to medications such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen instead of aspirin as aspirin can slow blood clotting, increasing your risk of bruising or bleeding even more.
- Limiting blood circulation. When bruising appears on a limb such as the leg, then restricting the blood flow can help the swelling decrease quicker. Keep the affected leg raised as much as possible within the first 24 hours after the bruise appears. Be sure the leg raised above the heart as much as possible by staying in a lying position.
- Using a warm compress. If the swelling persists after 2 days then applying a warm compress can help alleviate the discomfort. Use a warm washcloth to the area for approximately 10 minutes two to three times a day as needed. This will increase the blood flow to the area, helping to clear away the harmed blood cells which have collected underneath the skin. Make sure not to use a compress that is too warm as this can burn the skin.