Salivary Gland Infection and Antibiotics

salivary gland infection antibiotics

Sialadenitis is bacterial infection of a salivary gland, usually due to a blocking stone or gland hyposecretion. Symptoms are swelling, pain, inflammation, and tenderness. Medical diagnosis is clinical. CT, ultrasonography, and MRI might assist recognize the cause. Treatment is with prescription antibiotics.

Salivary gland infections impact the glands that produce saliva (spit). The infection might be due to bacteria or viruses.

There are 3 pairs of significant salivary glands:

  • Parotid glands. These are the two largest glands. One lies in each cheek over the jaw in front of the ears. Swelling of one or more of these glands is called parotitis, or parotiditis.
  • Submandibular glands. These 2 glands located at the back of the mouth on both sides of the jaw.
  • Sublingual glands. These 2 glands lie are under the floor of the mouth.
  • All the salivary glands empty saliva into the mouth. The saliva enters the mouth through ducts that open into the mouth in various places.

Causes of Salivary Gland Infection

Salivary gland infections are somewhat common, and they can return in some individuals.

Viral infections such as mumps typically affect the salivary glands. Mumps most often includes parotid salivary gland). Mumps is an unusual issue today since of the MMR vaccine.

Bacterial infections are most often the outcome of a:

  • Blockage from salivary duct stones.
  • Poor tidiness in the mouth (oral hygiene).
  • Low quantities of water in the body, frequently while in the medical facility.
  • Cigarette smoking.
  • Chronic disease.
  • Symptoms.
  • Unusual tastes, foul tastes.
  • Reduced capability to open the mouth.
  • Dry mouth.
  • Fever.
  • Mouth or facial pain, especially when eating.
  • Soreness over the side of the face or the upper neck.
  • Swelling of the face (particularly in front of the ears, below the jaw, or on the floor of the mouth).

Tests and Exams

Your health care carrier or dental professional will do an examination to look for enlarged glands. You may likewise have pus that drains into the mouth. The gland might be painful.

A CT scan, MRI scanor ultrasound may be done if the doctor presumes an abscess.

Antistaphylococcal antibiotics to treat salivary gland infection

In many cases, no treatment is required.

Regional steps (eg, sialagogues, warm compresses).

Preliminary treatment is with prescription antibiotics active versus S. aureus (eg, dicloxacillin, 250 mg po qid, a 1st-generation cephalosporin, or clindamycin), modified according to culture outcomes. With the increasing prevalence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus, especially amongst the senior living in extended-care nursing facilities, vancomycin is commonly needed.

Hydration, sialagogues (eg, lemon juice, difficult sweet, or some other substance that triggers saliva circulation), warm compresses, gland massage, and good oral hygiene are likewise vital. Abscesses need drainage.

Occasionally, a shallow parotidectomy or submandibular gland excision is indicated for patients with chronic or relapsing sialadenitis.

Self-care actions you can take in your home to assist with recovery include:

  • Practice great oral hygiene. Brush your teeth and floss well a minimum of twice a da. This might aid with healing and prevent an infection from spreading.
  • Wash your mouth with warm salt water rinses (1/2 teaspoon of salt in 1 cup of water) to ease pain keep the mouth moist.
  • Stop smoking if you are a smoker, to speed up healing.
  • Drink lots of water and use sugar-free lemon drops to increase the flow of saliva and lower swelling.
  • Massaging the gland with heat.

Outlook (Prognosis)

Many salivary gland infections disappear on their own or are treated with treatment. Some infections will return. Issues are not typical.

Possible Complications

  • Abscess of salivary gland.
  • Infection returns.
  • Spread of infection (cellulitis, Ludwig’s angina).

When to Contact a Medical Professional

Call your health care provider if:

You have symptoms of a salivary gland infection.
You’ve been diagnosed with a salivary gland infection and symptoms become worse.
Get medical aid immediately if you have a high fever, difficulty breathing, or ingesting problems.


In some cases, salivary gland infections can not be prevented. Great oral health may avoid some cases of bacterial infection.

Alternative Names: Parotitis; Sialadenitis.

Last modified: August 6, 2016


The Author

Reyus Mammadli

As a healthy lifestyle advisor I try to guide individuals in becoming more aware of living well and healthy through a series of proactive and preventive measures, disease prevention steps, recovery after illness or medical procedures.

Education: Bachelor Degree of Medical Equipment and Electronics.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * © 2016-2017 | Trusted

Related pages

what are the benefits of eating beetrootcoughing ribscosyntropin stim testsore rib cartilageitchy pubic rash6 week pregnant crampspain in head when coughingirreversible pulpitisingrown hair in armpit symptomsingrown cystcyst in pubic hairabdominal pain after d&c miscarriagecervical position when pregnanthard cervix after ovulationrash around eyes picturescostal muscle strainpubic hair infectionwhat causes nausea during menstruationafter how many days can pregnancy be detectedside effects of taking aloe vera juicecurad scar therapy padsis prune juice good for weight lossstitch pain in early pregnancyswollen partoid glandhow is your cervix in early pregnancychest pain right side deep breathbreast rash causesrepeated broken blood vessel in eyepain after temporary crown placementmuscle pain from coughinguses of mometasone furoate creamblisters eczemascalp is tender to touchliver cancer survival rate stage 4cervix pain in pregnancyyeast infection symptoms penileherpes on mons pubissoft open cervixingrown vaginal hairdoes menstruation cause nauseasymptoms of pseudoseizurescoxsackievirus durationingrown hairs or herpeshow to treat croup in adultsdental formula of a humanelevated rdw countgas pains lower left abdomensharp pain in head when coughing or sneezingright side ear and throat painpee smells like metaleczema and stressstuffy dry nosesigns of coxsackiebibasilar subsegmental atelectasisimplantation bleed pregnancy testdental formula humanpulled hip flexor muscleingrown pubic hair or stdbumps on scalp that itchnatural treatment for tonsillitiswhat causes lumps behind the earwhat is the normal measurement of the uterusallergy to pineapple symptoms tonguehow does the cervix feel when pregnantimpetigo on the mouthgum around wisdom tooth swollenbloodwork rdwhow long does it take for cymbalta to take effecteczema around eyesstabbing pain in vagina while pregnantleft side under armpit painpainful lump in armpit after shavingcause of thickening toenails