Magnesium Function in Human Body

Without magnesium we might not produce energy, our muscles would be in a long-term state of contraction, and we could not change the levels of cholesterol produced and launched into the blood stream.

Magnesium Function in Human Body

Magnesium ions regulate over 300 biochemical reactions in the body through their role as enzyme co-factors. They likewise play an important role in the reactions that create and use ATP, the basic system of energy within the body’s cells.

A List of the Functions of Magnesium

Why does magnesium have such a far-reaching effect on the body? The trick is how it works within the cells, even now a subject of intense research study with whole journals devoted to its research.

In this article, find out how magnesium controls and preserves:

  • Enzyme activity, making it possible for countless bio-chemical processes
  • Energy production and ATP, the energy storage system of the body’s cells
  • DNA and RNA, the body’s internal instructions for building proteins and brand-new cells
  • Mineral balance, needed to preserve cell life

What is Magnesium? Understanding ionic Magnesium and the Body’s Chemistry

Magnesium is the second most plentiful aspect inside human cells and the fourth most plentiful favorably charged ion in the human body. Within the body’s cells, it serves actually hundreds of functions.

In nature, magnesium can be discovered in many different forms, bonded with other atoms, such as:

  • Magnesium chloride, discovered naturally in the sea
  • Magnesite, the insoluble rock salt likewise referred to as magnesium carbonate
  • In plant matter, as the main element in chlorophyll

Magnesium is the 2nd most abundant component inside human cells.

One easily accessible and quickly taken in type of magnesium is magnesium chloride. Due to the fact that it is soluble in water, magnesium chloride readily dissociates, increasing rate of absorption.

All raw material — plants, animals, and the body — is made up of combinations of elements such as such as oxygen, carbon, and hydrogen.

These small foundation join to produce the compounds that comprise our:

  • Tissues
  • Bodily fluids
  • Tiny components that regulate the body’s function

Oxygen, carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen form the basis of compounds found in all living matter. Beyond compounds developed from these four most typical components, the rest of the body’s contents is comprised of minerals.

Magnesium is a macro-mineral, which, unlike trace element, is needed by the body in big amounts. Calcium, salt, and potassium are likewise macro-minerals. The average body contains about 25 grams of magnesium, among the 6 important minerals that should be supplied in the diet.

When magnesium enters the body through food, supplements, or topical applications, it is broken down and launched to form independent magnesium atoms, or “ions”. In its ionic form, magnesium has a favorable charge, typically noted as Mg2+.

Magnesium cations work as a part of the structure of the body through their presence in bone. But perhaps more vital is their function as cell regulators in numerous chain reactions throughout the body.

Magnesium Powers Our Enzymes

Magnesium is vital to more than 300 enzyme-driven biochemical responses happening in the body on a near consistent basis.

All nutrients used by the body function as either:

  • Sources of energy
  • Building blocks for body structures
  • Elements had to manage and manage the body’s many functions

Like the majority of vitamins, magnesium’s role is mostly regulatory. It permits enzymes to function appropriately, which in turn make it possible for a huge bulk of the body’s chain reaction.

Enzymes are the basis of the body’s ability to operate while supporting life. Many of the needed chemical reactions that the body carries out, such as the breakdown of sugars in the gastrointestinal system, can just usually be performed under extreme heat or acidity. Enzymes, however, allow these reactions to occur without harming the body’s fragile tissues and organs.

Yet enzymes do not work alone. Compounds known as enzyme co-factors need to manage the functions of enzymes in order to control the rate of responses within the body. These co-factors function as “secrets” to switches within each enzyme, advising it to begin or stop activity.

Magnesium is among the most common co-factors in the body. Its existence is important to:

  • Glucose and fat breakdown
  • Production of proteins, enzymes and antioxidants such as glutathione
  • Development of DNA and RNA
  • Guideline of cholesterol production

Without enzyme co-factors — including both hormonal agents and crucial minerals such as magnesium — reactions could easily spiral out of control. In fact even slight imbalances can chronically impact the body’s level of efficiency and health.

Thus, magnesium’s function as an enzyme cofactor can be seen as comparable to the crucial role that our body’s hormonal agents play. The important distinction, nevertheless, is that our body can manufacture most hormonal agents itself utilizing standard foundation. Magnesium, on the other hand, can not be produced by the body, it needs to be taken in.

In the same method that multiple physical systems suffer in cases of thyroid breakdown or insulin resistance, magnesium shortage has significant implications for the body’s level of operating.

Magnesium Drivers Our Fuel Source

Magnesium is a needed component of the energy-production procedure that takes place inside the small structures within cells.

The particle ATP, or adenosine tri-phosphate, is the fundamental unit of energy used in human cells. A lot of the functions carried out by cells require ATP to provide the energy for the action. These consist of:

  • Muscle fiber contraction
  • Protein synthesis
  • Cell reproduction
  • Transport of substances throughout the cell barrier

ATP can be considered fuel for the cell’s activities, much in the very same way that gasoline fuels a car.

Mitochondria inside the cell function as the cell’s power plants and continuously produce ATP by transforming simple systems of glucose, fatty acids, or amino acids. Without the existence of adequate magnesium, the nutrients we take in might not be metabolized into usable units of energy.

In addition, the type where ATP exists and is used is usually MgATP, magnesium complexed with ATP. These MgATP systems need to exist to sustain motion, to perform cell maintenance, and to keep a healthy balance of minerals inside and outside of the cells.

The connection of ATP and magnesium can have far-reaching impacts on nerve transmission, calcification of tissues and capillary, and muscle excitation, highlighting the importance of keeping adequate magnesium levels.

Magnesium Protects Our DNA

Studies have actually shown that DNA synthesis is slowed by insufficient magnesium. DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the body’s hereditary code, used in the building of proteins and the reproduction of cells. The cells in our body are constantly being replaced by brand-new cells. Various types of cells turnover at various rates, with the average age of a cell in the body approximated at 7 years.

Research studies have actually revealed that DNA synthesis is slowed by insufficient magnesium.

Hence, it is particularly essential that our DNA remain steady, avoiding anomalies that can adversely impact cellular function.

DNA stability relies in part on magnesium. Magnesium not just stabilizes DNA structures, it also works as a cofactor in the repair work of DNA damage by environmental mutagens. Combined with ATP, magnesium likewise helps in the healthy production of RNA, accountable for “reading” DNA and producing the proteins used in our body.

Magnesium Regulates Our Electrolyte Balance

Within every cell in the body, a proper balance of mineral content need to be preserved. Magnesium’s function in the healthy balance (“homeostasis”) of important minerals such as calcium, sodium and potassium affects the conduction of nerve impulses, muscle contraction, and heart rhythms.

The body allows mineral ions to flow into and out of the cell from the extra-cellular fluid, depending upon concentrations inside or outside the cell. Minerals, in their ionic kind, seek to adjust their concentrations by flowing through open membrane channels created to allow motion of ions, water particles, and little water-soluble compounds.

Nevertheless, ideal levels for minerals inside and outside the cells is not equivalent, as minerals serve various purposes inside the body and the cells. To keep cells healthy, a circulation such as the following must be kept.

Inside the Cells Outside the Cells
Calcium Low High
Sodium Low High
Magnesium High Low
Potassium High Low

Due to the fact that of the propensity of ions to adjust across membranes, like water flowing towards the sea, the cell needs to actively move ions into or from the cell, using up energy to develop a healthy balance utilizing special “exchange pumps”.

These mineral exchange pumps carry out among the most important functions of the cell membrane, regulating the electrical action possible inside and outside of the cell, and maintaining homeostasis of minerals in the body. Without continuous efforts by exchange pumps, cells would be flooded with calcium and sodium moving in, and potassium and magnesium vacating as they aimed to achieve an equilibrium.

One such exchange pump, referred to as the “sodium-potassium” pump, pumps sodium out of the cell in exchange for potassium. Embedded in the cell membrane, the sodium-potassium pump is activated by magnesium inside the cell.

Magnesium shortage hinders the sodium-potassium pump, permitting potassium to escape from the cell, to be lost in the urine, potentially leading to potassium shortage (hypokalemia). Those with a recognized potassium shortage, therefore, typically do not react to treatment up until magnesium shortage is also remedied.

Similarly, magnesium’s role in calcium guideline is critical to its role in preserving heart health. Magnesium is a recognized modulator of calcium, competing with calcium for entrance into cells and keeping lots of cellular processes in balance.

  • The impact of magnesium on blood vessels is one of dilation, whereas calcium promotes contraction.
  • Magnesium is likewise thought to antagonize calcium promotion of blood clotting.

Protecting the Function of Magnesium

What is magnesium? A crucial regulator of standard health.

Magnesium has been re-discovered as a neglected key to overall wellness, with many medical scientists advising boosts to the RDA — some recommending amounts as high as double the present recommendations.

With its function in managing the thousands of biochemical responses that take place on a continuous basis, sufficient magnesium is necessary to achieving the fragile balance necessary to the body’s function. Protecting this fragile balance ought to be thought about an essential goal in accomplishing optimum health and wellness.


Last Update - September 24, 2017

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