Leukopenia: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Leukopenia is a shortage of white blood cells in the system, which can be caused by anemia, menorrhagia, etc. In addition, the blood cell count can dip due to infection or since leukocyte production has been inhibited.

A low white blood cell count, or leukopenia will have a direct impact on your body’s body immune system. White blood cells are used to fight off infections within the blood stream. Without an appropriate number of leukocyte your body will have problem ridding itself of bacteria or viral matter which can cause disease. Lots of conditions can lead to leukopenia, so you will have to test other symptoms to get rid of underlying causes of this condition to treat leukopenia properly.

What is Leukopenia?

Leukopenia is the medical term for a low count of white blood cells in the blood stream. Physicians dispute how many leukocyte should remain in the system at any provided time, but it is usually thought that you must not have less than 3500 white blood cells in every microliter of blood. This might differ between sexes or in different age. In many cases, a low white blood cell count is a symptom for other medical concerns that will have to be attended to before your leukocyte count can return to typical.

leukopenia bacterial infection

bacterial infection with leukopenia

Causes of Leukopenia

White blood cells are produced in the bone marrow. Any disease or condition that disrupts the production or function of bone marrow will cause the body to establish leukopenia. Viral infections will typically cause the body to slow bone marrow function. Viral infections can likewise reduce the leukocyte count as the cells die off combating the infection. Autoimmune conditions or infections that exterminate cells much faster than they can be produced will intensify this response. Genetic conditions or cancerous growths can likewise cause the body to slow its bone marrow function.

Some medical treatments can momentarily deplete the body of white blood cells. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, antibiotics or diuretics can exterminate leukocyte as the medications target fast growing tissues throughout the body. Likewise, if you are experiencing anemia or a vitamin deficiency your body may not have the nutrients it needs to construct an adequate supply of healthy leukocyte. This can lead to leukopenia or your leukocyte passing away off too soon.

Illness that cause harm to the body immune system can cause damage to the leukocyte, resulting in leukopenia. Typical offenders include HIV/AIDS, hyperthyroidism, kostmann’s syndrome, leukemia, lupus, myelodysplastic syndromes, parasitic illness, rheumatoid arthritis, myelokathexis, or myelofibrosis. Patients might likewise have actually developed hypersplenism, a condition that causes the spleen to become overactive and prematurely damage white blood cells. Your doctor will carry out assessments to figure out which of these diseases is the most likely cause of your leukopenia.

Symptoms of Leukopenia

Your doctor will need to carry out a blood test to determine if you have a low white blood cell count. Opposite effects can help you figure out if this test is needed, and how severe your condition may be. Moderate leukopenia is frequently temporary and will cease as your other symptoms decrease. If your symptoms are severe then you may need to look for treatment for your leukopenia to avoid a prospective harmful condition from developing.

Anemia is a common symptom of leukopenia. This is an indicator that the red cell count is dipping in addition to the white blood cell count. Patients dealing with anemia might become exhausted quickly, experience a pounding heartbeat and shortness of breath after workout. They may have difficulty focusing and become lightheaded quickly. Pale skin, leg cramps and sleeplessness are also common indications that the patient is dealing with anemia.

Menorrhagia. Women dealing with leukopenia might deal with menorrhagia, or an unusually heavy menstrual duration. Their periods might last longer than they typically would also. Women might likewise experience metrorrhagia, or bleeding from the uterus that is not caused by menstruation. Women suffering from metrorrhagia must seek medical attention right away as this can be a sign that they have a severe infection or cancer.

Others. Patients with a low leukocyte account will commonly reveal signs of tiredness which can be couples with irritation or hot flashes. They may often establish headaches or mood swings too. Since the body immune system is harmed the patient is more likely to establish swelling in the mouth. This may occur around the cheeks, lips, tongue cheeks, tonsils, and so on. Patients might likewise establish swelling of the stomach lining as the natural bacteria in the system grows at an unchecked rate. These conditions might cause the patient to long for hot drinks. Patients have to view infections carefully as they are at a much greater rate to establish ulcers or pneumonia during this dip in their infection.

Treatments for Leukopenia

Leukopenia is treated by promoting the bone marrow so extra white blood cells can be produced. Steroids can be used to stimulate the bone marrow, as can cytokine or chemotherapy. Eastern medication typically recommended DangGui Bu Xue, a method of tonifying the blood. These might be combined with tangkuei or Tan kuei to aid in the production of blood cells and getting rid of contaminants in the blood which can be impacting the white blood cells. Patients will typically be provided multivitamins which contain copper and zinc to guarantee that the body has enough nutrients to produce healthy blood cells.

In addition to helping your body grow brand-new white blood cells, the patient will normally be put on medication that can be used to eliminate any contagious illness that are putting stress on the body immune system. This will enable the new white blood cells to thrive. Medication needed for this treatment will differ based upon the nature of the infection.


Last modified: August 12, 2016

References

The Author

Reyus Mammadli

As a healthy lifestyle advisor I try to guide individuals in becoming more aware of living well and healthy through a series of proactive and preventive measures, disease prevention steps, recovery after illness or medical procedures.

Education: Bachelor Degree of Medical Equipment and Electronics.

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