Melanoma is a kind of skin cancer. It isn’t really as typical as other types of skin cancer, but it is the most serious.
Melanoma typically appears like a flat mole with irregular edges and a shape that is not the exact same on both sides. It might be black, brown, or more than one color. Many melanomas appear as a new spot or skin development. But they can form in an existing mole or other mark on the skin.
Melanoma can impact your skin only, or it may infect your organs and bones. Similar to other cancers, treatment for melanoma works best when the cancer is found early.
This topic has to do with melanoma that happens in the skin. It does not cover melanoma that occurs in the eye or in any other part of the body besides the skin.
You can get melanoma by spending too much time in the sun. Too much UV radiation from sun direct exposure causes normal skin cells to become unusual. These abnormal cells quickly grow out of control and attack the tissues around them.
You are at higher risk for melanoma if you have reasonable skin, a household history of melanoma, or numerous abnormal, or atypical, moles. These moles may fade into the skin and have a flat part that is level with the skin. They might be smooth or a little scaly, or they might look rough and “pebbly.”.
You may not have any symptoms in the early stages of melanoma. Or a melanoma might ache, or it may itch or bleed.
Any weather change in the shape, size, or color of a mole may be a sign of melanoma.
Melanoma might resemble a flat, brown or black mole that has unequal edges. Melanomas normally have an irregular or asymmetrical shape. This indicates that a person half of the mole doesn’t match the other half. They may be any size but are usually 0.25 in. (6 mm) or larger.
Melanomas can be found anywhere on your body. The majority of the time, they are on the upper back in males and females and on the legs of women.
Melanoma is usually caused by too much exposure to the sun’s UV rays. Examples include:
- Having had blistering sunburns at any time of life.
- Getting extreme sun direct exposure every once in a while.
Things that make getting melanoma more likely include your skin type, the color of your hair, and the color of your eyes.
Skin Cancer, Melanoma – Symptoms
You might not have any symptoms in the early stages of melanoma. Or a melanoma may be sore, or it might itch or bleed.
What skin cancers look like?
Many melanomas begin as a new skin development on unmarked skin. The development might change color, shape, or size. These types of modifications are an early sign that the development is melanoma. But melanoma can likewise establish in an existing mole or other mark on the skin. Or it may resemble a swelling that isn’t really healing or appear as a brown or black streak under a fingernail or toenail.
Melanoma can grow anywhere on the body. It most often occurs on the upper back in men and women and on the legs in women. Less typically, it can grow in other places, such as on the soles, palms, nail beds, or mucous membranes that line body cavities such as the mouth, the rectum, and the vagina.
On older people, the face is the most common location for melanoma to grow. And in older men, the most common sites are the neck, scalp, and ears.
Does Skin Itch and Burn Sign of Cancer?
Skin cancers might look like:
- A spot or sore that does not recover within 4 weeks
- A spot or sore that itches, injures, is scabbed or crusty, or pity more than 4 weeks
- Areas where the skin has broken down (an ulcer) and doesn’t heal within 4 weeks, and you cannot think about a factor for this weather change
- An ulcer is an area that is breaking down and begins to get much deeper. This can be called erosion.
What about skin burn?
Nothing mentioned about skin burn for skin cancer.
Signs of melanoma
The most essential indication for melanoma is any change in size, shape, or color of a mole or other skin development, such as a birthmark. Look for modifications that happen over a duration of weeks to a month. The ABCDE system informs you what changes to search for.
- A is for asymmetry. One half of the mole or skin growth does not match the other half.
- B is for border irregularity. The edges are ragged, notched, or blurred.
- C is for color. The color is not the very same throughout the mole.
- D is for size. The mole or skin growth is bigger than the size of a pencil eraser.
- E is for evolution. There is a weather change in the size, shape, symptoms (such as itching or tenderness), surface area (particularly bleeding), or color of a mole.
Melanoma in an existing mole
Signs of melanoma in an existing mole include changes in:
- Elevation, such as thickening or raising of a formerly flat mole.
- Surface, such as scaling, disintegration, exuding, bleeding, or crusting.
- Surrounding skin, such as inflammation, swelling, or small new spots of color around a bigger sore (satellite colorings).
- Sensation, such as itching, tingling, burning, or pain.
- Consistency, such as softening or little pieces that break off quickly.
Many other skin conditions (such as seborrheic keratosis, warts, and basal cell cancer) have functions similar to those of melanoma.