The cuboid bone lies between the base of the foot and the ankle and contributes to much of the motion and weight management of the foot. Continued stress on this bone can cause injury or a cuboid stress fracture that will need you to rest until it recovers.
The cuboid bone lies in the mid foot simply in front of the ankle. This bone serves as a stabilizer that allows you to walk appropriately and keep your balance when performing activities such as jumping or running. As you put pressure on your feet, this bone is pressed downward to handle the weight of your body, and then it rises once more as you raise your foot making it more comfy to swing your leg through.
What is Cuboid Stress Fracture?
A cuboid stress fracture is triggered when the cuboid bone in the foot is damaged from repetitive activity. In most cases this will not shatter the bone, however will cause it to break. These cracks can become more severe if the exhausting activities that damaged the bone are continued after the damage is done. When the muscles in your foot agreement it can put excess stress on this bone, as can taking part in excessive weight bearing activities. This can cause a fracture in the bone which will end up being more broken and uncomfortable as time goes on.
Causes and Symptoms of a Cuboid Stress Fracture
Repetitive stress on the feet will cause the cuboid bone to fracture. Weight bearing activities such as dancing, jumping or running that are done regularly can put the needed stress on the feet, triggering wear with time that results in a fracture.
An abrupt boost in the level of movement or exercise can also trigger the cuboid bone to fracture as the muscles around the bone will not be built up enough to handle this included amount of activity.
Risk Factors of a Cuboid Stress Fracture
A number of elements can increase your risk of establishing a stress fracture in the cuboid bone. Muscle weak point in the feet, gluteals, quadriceps or calves can put more pressure on the feet, increasing your threat of injury. Poor foot posture, standing with flat fee or a specifically high arch, can likewise enhance the pressure on the cuboid bone, increasing your threat of a stress fracture.
Those with bad versatility or joint stiffness in the lower legs, ankles and feet are susceptible to injury of the cuboid bone. You might likewise cause excess stress if you train too often or on improper surfaces such as irregular pavement or really difficult surfaces. Utilizing bad running method or wearing improper shoes while you train can also enhance your danger of injuring the cuboid stress bone. Similar to all bone fractures, consuming a diet that does not promote good bone and muscle management enhances your threat of injury as well.
Diagnosis of a Cuboid Stress Fracture
Patients will observe localized pain existing in the external part of the middle of foot or their ankle as the fracture becomes more noticable. Carrying out activities that put pressure on this area of the foot can enhance the pain connected with this condition.
In more severe cases the pain might likewise radiate out to the inner portion and the sole of the foot, or through the heel and toes. This pain might be more pronounced during the night or when you press on the cuboid bone.
In many cases a physical examination can detect a fractured cuboid bone. However, many medical professionals will opt to perform an imaging test consisting of a CT scan, MRI or X-ray to determine the extent of the damage. Some doctors will also require this image confirmation to start therapy on the affected foot.
Recovery Time of a Cuboid Stress Fracture
Most of the times, patients can handle a stress fracture of the cuboid bone within 3-6 months. Severe cases might take control of a year to recover completely, particularly if intervention was not reached early on. Those that do not manage their injury might also see remaining results throughout their life.
Treatments for a Cuboid Stress Fracture
Treatment for a cuboid bone primarily revolves around resting the foot so it has time to heal.
- Protective Gear. Those with a stress fracture will frequently be provided a protective boot or crutches to assist them keep their weight off the foot while moving around. The tools required will differ based upon the nature of the injury, as will the amount of time that is needed to use the device.
- Proper Footwear. Orthotics or changed running shoes can be utilized to help fix poor foot posture that is putting pressure on the cuboid bone. Your doctor will carry out an examination to help determine what might have added to the injury and supply suggestions for different training methods or devices that can help you prevent doing further damage when you are finished with your therapy.
- Hands On Therapy. Massages, dry needling, stretches, electrotherapy or joint mobilization can assist the patient unwind the foot to bring pressure off of the influenced cuboid bone. This can likewise help enhance the range of motion in the foot making it less most likely that comparable injuries will happen in the future.
- Versatility Exercises. In addition to seeing a professional to work the injured foot, patients must follow a versatility routine at home that will increase the range of movement in the foot. Your doctor may provide a list of exercises that must be performed daily to assist make sure that the proper range of motion is maintained during the recovery process. Nevertheless, previous exercise regimens such as biking or running ought to be stopped until the foot has returned back to healthy.