Blood in Urine

blood in urine and pain

Blood in urine or hematuria, is not a good sign as it can be a symptom of an unsafe condition or disorder. Whenever you see blood in urine, it becomes essential to establish its cause. Hematuria is of two primary types: tiny hematuria and gross hematuria. Tiny hematuria is one where the blood in urine can not be seen without using a microscope and is found only after carrying out a medical test. Gross hematuria on the other hand is one where the urinary blood can be seen without the help of a microscope.

Hematuria that results from strenuous workout does not need any medical treatment and it will vanish in a couple of days. Nevertheless, other disorders causing blood in urine may need extensive healthcare depending on the extent of the disorder.

What Are the Symptoms of Blood in Urine?

There are many other symptoms that might be experienced by victims of urinary bleeding depending upon the condition that is causing it. The symptoms that may follow blood in urine consist of:

  • Neck and back pain
  • Weight-loss
  • Urgency in urination
  • Pain felt when urinating
  • Needing to go to the bathroom for passing urine multiple time during the night
  • Incontinence

Also blood in your urine associates with:

Besides these typical symptoms, there are other serious indications as well which include:

  • Look of blood clots in the urine
  • Fever
  • Queasiness
  • Increased pulse
  • Abdominal pain
  • Chills
  • Throwing up
  • Fatigue
  • Inability to pass urine
  • Disorientation.

When to See a Doctor

You must check out a doctor if you are having trouble urinating or are dealing with pain in your kidneys or abdomen since it might be a sign of tiny hematuria. It is likewise essential to look for immediate healthcare if you witness blood in your urine as it can be a sign of a serious medical problem. Overlooking even a little quantity of urinary blood could be disastrous.

Search for instant medical support if you are not able to urinate or are experiencing embolism in your urine. Check out a hospital immediately if this urinary blood is followed by chills, fever, vomiting, nausea and abdominal, back or side pain.

The ramifications for neglecting urinary blood can be extremely severe. Your kidneys might fail if the hematuria is originating from an infection that is not treated in time. There is also a chance that the reason for this blood is a cancer and if it is not detected and treated in time, the cancer may metastasize and spread to other parts of the body.

What Are the Causes & Risk Factors of Blood in Urine?

Hematuria can arise from a number of causes. There is a chance that the blood noticeable is originating from a source aside from your bladder or kidney. The blood that you are seeing might be originating from the bowel movement, vaginal area or ejaculation. The following are a few of the reasons for urinary bleeding.

Causes Description
Infections Urinary system and kidney infections can both trigger hematuria. In both these infections, the bacteria enter the body through the urethra and target the bladder and the kidneys respectively. The symptom of urinary system infections is pain felt when urinating while that of kidney infection is back and stomach pain accompanied by high grade fever.
Stone Kidney or bladder stones can cause both gross and microscopic hematuria and can cause excruciating pain for the patients.
Prostate problem Enlargement of the prostate or a prostate infection can result in microscopic hematuria. The signs are urgency and pain felt when urinating.
Kidney disease Kidney disease can occur due to a variety of reasons and is of the most typical causes of tiny hematuria.
Cancer Cancers of the kidney, prostate and bladder might cause urinary bleeding at an advanced stage.
Inherited disorders Alport syndrome and sickle cell anemia which are both genetic conditions can cause both gross and tiny hematuria.
Kidney injury Gross hematuria can be triggered due to an injury or trauma suffered by the kidneys throughout a mishap.
Medication Continuous usage of drugs like heparin, cyclophosphamide, penicillin and aspirin can trigger gross hematuria.
Strenuous exercise Having an extreme workout can sometimes cause gross hematuria due to dehydration.

Blood in Urine: Treatment

Treatment for blood in urine depends upon its cause and is directed towards eliminating it. Once the treatment has actually been administered, the doctor is likely to inspect if the issue has been handled or not. If he still discovers urinary bleeding then the doctor may refer you to an urologist or request added tests to be performed on your urine.

For people whose underlying cause for urinary bleeding can not be detected even after carrying out the required tests, the doctor may recommend routine checkup and urine testing. The need for urine screening and monitoring of high blood pressure ends up being particularly required for people who are more than 50 years old, who are routine cigarette smokers or who have been exposed to hazardous chemicals as they are at an increased threat of establishing bladder cancer.

Blood in Urine: Preventions

It is difficult to stop the look of blood in urine. Nevertheless, you can take precautionary steps to reduce the possibilities of contracting diseases that trigger hematuria.

  • Infections. Enhancing your everyday intake of water, urinating instantly after sexual intercourse, correct cleaning of the genital areas after peeing and stop using hygiene products for females that can trigger irritation will keep you safe from urinary tract and kidney infections.
  • Stones. Drinking healthy amounts of water and decreasing using salt and foods like rhubarb and spinach which are rich in oxalate and proteins can decrease your possibilities of having kidney stones.
  • Bladder cancer. Enhancing your intake of water, quitting smoking and preventing contact with hazardous chemicals can help you in remaining more secure from developing bladder cancer.
  • Kidney cancer. You can lower your threat of establishing kidney cancer by giving up smoking, taking in a healthy and well balanced diet, doing routine workout and staying away from poisonous products and chemicals.

Last modified: August 10, 2016


The Author

Reyus Mammadli

As a healthy lifestyle advisor I try to guide individuals in becoming more aware of living well and healthy through a series of proactive and preventive measures, disease prevention steps, recovery after illness or medical procedures.

Education: Bachelor Degree of Medical Equipment and Electronics.

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